Verbal Aptitude

Mastery of words is seen by many as having in one’s possession the ability to produce order out of chaos and because of this it is argued that command of vocabulary is seen as a true measure of intelligence, with the result that verbal tests are widely used in IQ testing. Verbal reasoning tests are designed to measure basic verbal ability(the ability to understand and use words), and typically include spelling, grammar, word meanings, completing sentences, synonyms, and antonyms. The exercises that follow test basic verbal aptitude in a number of separate areas including synonyms, antonyms, analogy, odd one out and verbal comprehension. There are also two advanced tests, one of which is multi-discipline and one which is anagram-based. For each test a performance assessment is provided. There is also a time limit specified for completing each test, which should not be
exceeded otherwise your score will be invalidated.

Synonym test A
A synonym is a word having the same, or very similar, meaning to another of the same language. Examples of synonyms are: select and choose, easy and elementary, inquire, and probe. Test A is a series of 20 questions designed to test your knowledge of the language and your ability to quickly identify words that have the same or very similar meanings. In each case choose just one word from the five words inside the brackets that is closest in meaning to the
word in capitals.
You have 20 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1. GLUTINOUS (churlish, adhesive, hungry, bright, desolate)
2. ILLUMINATING (real, authentic, informative, rational,
coherent)
3. ESPOUSAL (avoidance, outburst, care, adoption, crux)
4. SIGNIFY (connote, outline, depict, welcome, influence)
5. ERUDITE (ancient, scholarly, distinguished, careful, itinerant)
6. IRRATIONAL (intransigent, irredeemable, unsafe, lost,
nonsensical)
7.MODERATION (reticence, equanimity, humility, care, delicacy)
8. PANORAMIC (extensive, picturesque, distant, ceremonial,
equidistant)
9. WEB (erode, create, clothe, lattice, skirl)
10. SATIATE (follow, censure, undermine, veto, overfill)
11. THOROUGHLY (attentively, assiduously, long-winded, eagerly,
prodigal)
12. COGENCY (grace, competence, prestige, force, speed)
13. DESIROUS (eager, eligible, worthy, fulsome, true)
14. SOJOURN (relief, holiday, breach, retirement, rest)
15. PETRIFY (bedevil, calcify, agitate, decline, coerce)
16. ENCAPSULATE (facilitate, imitate, captivate, epitomize,
impede)
17. ADMONITORY (scolding, juvenile, acceptable, praiseworthy,
flexible)
18. PRETENCE (premises, precept, diversion, charade,
preponderance)
19. FULMINATION (business, tirade, scripture, casket, channel)
20. WONT (awe, tribulation, perception, custom, desire)

Synonym test B
Synonym test B is a series of 20 questions designed to test your knowledge of the language and your ability to quickly identify words that have the same or very similar meanings. In each case choose just the two words from the six words provided that are closest in meaning.

You have 20 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1. chop, gnaw, grate, sever, chew, destroy
2. inimitable, corresponding, matchless, surpassed, mature, imposing
3 .delegate, advise, identify, recruit, adjust, mobilise
4. boorish, unchaste, stable, impure, unjust, bizarre
5 .workaday, prosaic, feasible, easy, special, effective
6. unassailable, kind, inveterate, entrenched, contrary, convoluted
7 .truncate, abandon, misuse, relinquish, rectify, denounce
8. snappish, ordinary, cursory, shrewd, sardonic, hurried
9. severe, opinionated, crude, dogmatic, unprincipled, vocal
10. progress, orbit, travel, run, encircle, align
11. orchestrate, display, employ, defeat, sustain, score
12. conspicuous, virulent, wild, profane, noxious, rancorous
13. just, somewhat, yet, once, now, moreover
14. elegant, serene, sophistic, shameful, sincere, fallacious
15. alter, assist, educate, facilitate, dream, cultivate
16 .horizontal, unconscious, encompassed, submissive, supine, feral
17. farm, fare, style, food, firm, variety
18. guide, shepherd, farmer, shelter, carry, relocate
19. retreat, conclude, alight, circulate, call, getaway
20. intellect, symbol, rank, savour, genre, type

Antonym test A
An antonym is a word with the opposite meaning to another of the same language. Examples of antonyms are big and small, true and false, happy and sad. Test A is a series of 20 questions designed to test your knowledge of the language and your ability to quickly identify words that have opposite meanings. In each case choose just one word from the five words inside
the brackets that is most opposite in meaning to the word in capitals.

You have 20 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1. CHECK (stay, accelerate, monitor, foil, win)
2.INVARIABLE (valueless, viable, genuine, flexible, simple)
3. RIBALD (genteel, attractive, serious, ethical, austere)
4. TOUCHY (obedient, fortunate, genial, sympathetic, durable)
5. TOTALITARIAN (democratic, fair, political, partial, conservative)
6. UNACCOUNTABLE (desirable, honest, potent, comprehensible, absolute)
7.WIDEN (prevent, compress, encase, hinder, terminate)
8. WORKABLE (atypical, amateurish, unfair, inconceivable, garrulous)
9. BRUTAL (civil, humane, patient, varying, happy)
10. PRODIGIOUS (tiny, tight, unproductive, inept, preposterous)
11. REMOTE (abstract, vital, related, astute, adjacent)
12. HYPOTHETICAL (academic, cagey, proven, punitive, impressive)
13. IMMATURE (old, mundane, wise, mellow, respected)
14. EARTHLY (ethereal, temporal, seasoned, sensual, natural)
15. DENIGRATE (acknowledge, welcome, enhance, eulogise, master)
16.PUSILLANIMOUS (bold, cold, pure, sweet, dry)
17. COMPOSED (divided, nervous, specific, problematic, unhappy)
18. ASSET (acquisition, tragedy, misfortune, burden, mistake)
19. INTRINSIC (elemental, useless, obscure, unnecessary, appended)
20. MUSICAL (discordant, loud, lyrical, verbal, euphonious)

Antonym test B
Antonym test B is a series of 20 questions designed to test your knowledge of the language and your ability to quickly identify words that have opposite meanings. In each case, choose just the two words from the six words provided that are most opposite in meaning.
You have 20 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1 wet, murky, cheerful, bright, still, happy
2 scarce, unwise, profuse, moral, ample, absent
3 contradict, continue, promote, intensify, quell, substantiate
4 fatuous, irrelevant, similar, therapeutic, contrary, rash
5 rigid, fluent, baroque, faltering, bare, effective
6 saturation, remuneration, tradition, reflection, salvation, perdition
7 eerie, hazardous, secure, active, restrained, sad
8 wise, foolproof, enlarged, wasteful, frugal, weak
9 candid, lucid, ignorant, angry, subtle, strong
10 sparse, gregarious, unsociable, graceful, weak, confused
11 litigate, allow, proffer, spread, proscribe, disagree
12 bob, rear, train, sail, bow, genuflect
13 important, rich, free, elevated, petty, perverse
14 neglected, brief, diplomatic, palpable, rude, devious
15 capture, absolve, captivate, diminish, hide, convict
16 climax, liking, zest, flavour, apathy, reluctance
17 trouble, turmoil, drivel, joy, passion, calm
18 elastic, severed, taut, level, slack, pliant
19 popinjay, neophyte, instructor, gambler, prize-fighter, aviator
20 humane, phlegmatic, erudite, solid, animated, healthy

Analogy test A
An analogy is a similitude of relations where it is necessary to reason the answer from a parallel case. Questions may take the form ‘A is to B as C is to?’, as in the following example:
HELMET is to protection as TIARA is to:
adornment, queen, hair, royalty, head
Answer: adornment; both a helmet and a tiara are worn on the head,
however, a helmet is worn for the purpose of protection and a tiara is
worn for adornment.
You have 30 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1 digital is to numbers as analogue is to:
symbols, hands, time, register, chronometer
2 concept is to notion as fixation is to:
obsession, idea, intuition, apprehension, proposition
3 confound is to bewilder as astound is to:
surprise, confuse, startle, astonish, horrify
4 corolla is to petals as pedicel is to:
flower, stalk, root, leaves, anther
5 limerick is to five as sonnet is to:
four, eight, twelve, fourteen, sixteen
6 laser is to beams as strobe is to:
intensity, flashes, signals, X-rays, lamps
7 venerable is to august as lofty is to:
imposing, December, magisterial, rarefied, grand
8 haematite is to iron as galena is to:
enamel, copper, tin, zinc, lead
9 trireme is to ship as triptych is to:
spear, stand, pattern, panel, play
10 east is to orient as west is to:
aoristic, occident, orison, ottoman, ocean
11 artist is to brush as scribe is to:
paper, pen, book, words, page
12 squander is to waste as employ is to:
exploit, obtain, benefit, consume, use
13 stopcock is to pipe as throttle is to:
valve, engine, flow, machine, regulate
14 Aries is to ram as Cygnus is to:
goat, fish, swan, eagle, charioteer
15 continue is to resume as continuous is to:
perseverance, unbroken, everlasting, repetition, persist
16 jade is to green as sapphire is to:
blue, red, black, brown, yellow
17 tangent is to touch as secant is to:
meet, divide, coincide, intersect, join
18 cleaver is to cut as auger is to:
drill, chop, hammer, shape, saw
19 competent is to skilful as adept is to:
capable, expert, able, clever, knowledgeable
20 aspiration is to ambition as fruition is to:
realisation, success, victory, recognition, desire

 Analogy test B
In each of the following, identify two words (one from each set of brackets) that form a connection (analogy) when paired with the words in capitals, e.g:
CHAPTER (book, verse, read)
ACT (stage, audience, play)
Answer: book and play; a chapter is a division of a book and an act is
a division of a play.
You have 30 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1 PLUM (eat, grow, fruit)
WILLOW (leaves, tree, crop)
2 RIFLE (bullet, gun, fire)
CATAPULT (project, fling, weapon)
3 FOX (tail, hunt, fur)
PEACOCK (fly, plumage, breed)
4 EVENING (morning, night, day)
AUTUMN (day, winter, season)
5 STELLATE (sword, star, triangle)
TOROID (funnel, ring, crescent)
6 TASTE (food, swallow, tongue)
WALK (run, legs, move)
7 CHEMISTRY (laboratory, reaction, substances)
FAUNA (plants, animals, countryside)
8 TRAVEL (journey, map, list)
ATTEND (meeting, programme, boardroom)
9 FOREWORD (read, progress, book)
OVERTURE (music, opera, composer)
10 RESIGN (politician, leave, parliament)
ABDICATE (rule, king, realm)
11 CASTOR (sugar, furniture, wheel)
ROWEL (bicycle, hub, spur)
12 MOBSTER (gangster, criminal, prohibition)
BRIGAND (fugitive, bandit, desperado)
13 CLAVIER (piano, compose, instrument)
TAMBOUR (music, beat, drum)
14 QUADRUPED (four, year, animal)
QUATRAIN (verse, eight, ship)
15 LARGO (loud, solemn, slow)
PIANO (lively, soft, fast)
16 GLUTTONY (food, weight, sin)
CHARITY (philanthropy, kindness, virtue)
17 VESTRY (church, hospital, refuge)
DISPENSARY (monastery, laboratory, hospital)
18 MODIFY (correct, regulate, change)
REDRESS (adjust, align, rectify)
19 MOAT (ditch, portcullis, crater)
TURRET (rampart, watchtower, defence)
20 SAVANNAH (inlet, highland, grass)
SIERRA (ravine, mountain, rock)

Classification test
In this test you are given a list of five words and are required to choose which of the five words is the odd one out. This may be for a variety of reasons, as in the following examples:
(a) calm, quiet, relaxed, serene, unruffled
Answer: ‘quiet’ is the odd one out, as the rest mean the same thing.
However, your being quiet does not necessarily mean that you are
calm, relaxed serene or unruffled. You could be extremely upset and
agitated but still remain quiet.
(b) abode, dwelling, house, residence, street
Answer: ‘street’ is the odd one out, as the rest are specific places in
which we live. ‘Street’ is a general term which may contain many houses,
gardens, trees, road surfaces, etc.
You have 30 minutes in which to solve the 20 questions.
1 erect, upright, perpendicular, level, vertical
2 unequalled, paramount, exceptional, unsurpassed, finest
3 case, coffer, crate, chest, covering
4 cajole, deceive, beguile, inveigle, persuade
5 visit, summon, invite, assemble, convene
6 synagogue, mosque, pagoda, steeple, cathedral
7 hogwash, buffoonery, gibberish, gobbledegook, mumbo-jumbo
8 satisfactory, perfect, acceptable, fine, suitable
9 quadrangular, cubic, rectangular, spheroid, square
10 discontinue, forgo, relinquish, surrender, abandon
11 parched, desiccated, scorched, barren, dehydrated
12 pamphlet, certificate, catalogue, brochure, leaflet
13 burrow, till, cultivate, furrow, harrow
14 simian, ape, feline, monkey, primate
15 design, hew, chisel, sculpt, fashion
16 imaginary, strange, visionary, illusory, unreal
17 fete, holiday, gala, jamboree, carnival
18 obliquely, laterally, sideways, crabwise, orbicular
19 submit, distribute, tender, proffer, offer
20 sporadic, periodic, erratic, occasional, recurrent

Comprehension
Each of the three passages below has had 15 words removed which
have been listed at random below each passage. In order to test your
verbal skills and comprehension ability, you must restore the 15 words
correctly into each passage.
You have 30 minutes in which to reconstruct the three passages.
1 Just as the __________________ (1) __________________ (2) was half-way through __________________ (3) his
most __________________ (4) and difficult __________________ (5), the __________________ (6) thing that could
have happened did, and all hell was let loose as Ben __________________ (7) a cat
through the dining room __________________ (8). Apart from almost barking
the house down and __________________ (9) drowning out the second half of the
question, Ben __________________ (10) across the dining room in a __________________ (11)
blur before throwing __________________ (12) against the __________________ (13) door with a
__________________ (14) __________________ (15).
window question himself sickening hapless
involved worst saw shot crash
asking interviewer totally brown kitchen
2 We all have the potential to be __________________ (1), however, because of the
__________________ (2) of modern __________________ (3) and the need for __________________ (4), many of
us never have the __________________ (5) or opportunity, or indeed are given
the __________________ (6), to __________________ (7) our __________________ (8) talents, even though most
of us have __________________ (9) __________________ (10) to __________________ (11) this __________________ (12) in the
form of __________________ (13) which has been fed into, collated and __________________ (14)
by the __________________ (15) over many years.
sufficient pressures brain realise encouragement
ammunition data living latent time
processed creative potential specialization explore
3 __________________ (1) is the __________________ (2) of new __________________ (3), and __________________ (4) is the
__________________ (5) of this knowledge. The __________________ (6) of learning and memory,
therefore, is the __________________ (7) of all our knowledge and __________________ (8) and is
what __________________ (9) us to __________________ (10) the __________________ (11), __________________ (12) in the
__________________ (13) and __________________ (14) for the __________________ (15).
abilities plan acquisition basis consider
learning retention combination past memory
future enables knowledge present exist