Thematic Apperception Test
The intention of the test is to ask the subject to give an appreciation of his own qualities without being conscious to it. But in its wider sense, it means attributing to the external world any quality of the self. The difference between the intelligence test and the projective test is that in the former each problem has a single definite answer, but in the latter every question has more than one possible answer. The answers selected by a particular individual are distinctive expression of his own personality. There are several projection techniques in current use, of which the Rorschach Ink Blot test and Murray’s Thematic Apperception test are well known.
The Rorschach test consist of a set of ten ink blots which are shown to a person one by one. His responses are recorded on a form. A personality picture of the respondent is constructed on the basis of the kinds of responses which are recorded. Whether the response was made to the whole of the blot or to a part of it, whether the response is to coloured spots or to black patches, whether animal forms are seen or anatomical shapes, moving objects or something else — all these are taken into a count in making the personality assessment. The Thematic Apperception Test consists of a series of standard pictures, which are shown to the subject, one by one. He is then asked to write a story on each picture, stating what people are doing what led to the situation and what the outcome will be. From the stories produced by the subject, an assessment s made of the personality slants of an individual. The responses expressed in the form of stories provide valuable clues to the candidate’s emotional attitude and temperamental make-up. The aim is to find out the individual’s fantasies formed around the object-relationship. It brings to the surface fear, guilt, frustration, complex if any (e.g., inferiority complex), ambitions, interests and group tendencies.
|Picture Story Writing|
|Advice for Self Story and Self Appraisal|
|Picture Story 1||Picture Story 2|
|Picture Story 3||Picture Story 4|
|Picture Story 5||Picture Story 6|
|Picture Story 7||Picture Story 8|
|Picture Story 9||Picture Story 10|
At the CSS, about 10 to 12 vague or unstructured slides are shown to the candidates in quick succession. Each slide is held for view for half a minute only. Then the candidate is given three minutes to develop and write a story on what he saw and perceived. The lights are switched off when the slide is shown and they come on when the half minute limit is over. Then the candidate is asked to write the story. When three minutes are over, the light will go off again and the next slide will be on view. Thus one after another in continuous succession all the 10 or 12 slides will be exhibited to the candidates. Where facilities do not exist for the exhibition of slides, maps containing the pictures will be displayed in similar manner. The TAT or picture-story writing forms the backbone of the psychological tasks. The main evaluation of the candidate is done by the psychologist, on the basis of the individual’s particular attention to its task.