In such questions problems are in the form of figures, designs, drawings, etc. Candidates are required to draw any figure or write anything by way of answering a question. With every question four or five suggested alternative answers are given and the candidate has to choose the correct answer.

The most commonly used non-verbal tests are series analogies, spotting similar patterns, arranging figures in proper sequence, spotting the odd one out, pattern completion, spotting hidden figures and finding a similar pattern. Non-verbal tests are also called matrices or abstract reasoning tests.

Useful Hints:

  1. Observe the figures very minutely and find out the relationship between them
    through reasoning.
  2. Write down the changes in the successive figures.
  3. Try to find the correct answer figure and see that it fulfils the conditions of
    reasoning correctly.
  4. Attempt only easy questions first.
  5. Come back to unanswered questions only after have tried the easy questions.
  6. Mark correctly and at proper place as directed.
  7. Be attentive while you look for the reason to locate the correct figure.
  8. Answer all questions calmly and confidently.

Series Completion:

.                              In such questions, two sets of figures pose the problem. The sets are called

Problem Figures and Answer Figures. Each problem figure changes in design from the preceding one. The answer figure set contains 4 or 5 figures marked A, B, C, D, E. You are asked to choose the correct answer figure, that continues the series.

Question 1: Things That Move Around

Which box completes the set?

These types of question are some of the more straightforward rules to identify: items move around, or have a particular location within a box. There are two rules to look out for in this example. Firstly, the black square occupies the same relative position within the box, as the box’s location within the question. This tells us that B cannot be the correct answer.

The second rule governs the location of the arrow. There are two ways of looking at this rule. The first is to say that the position of the arrow is determined by which column it is in, with the all of the arrows in the first column in the middle of the box, those in the middle column are on the right, and those on the right column are on the left, with the arrow always at the same level as the square (or relative box position).

An alternative way of looking at this rule is to say that the arrow always occupies the position immediately to the right of the square (and when the square is on the right, the sequence restarts on the left).

Either way, the correct answer is C.

Question 2: Relationships Between Items

Which box comes next in the sequence?

To solve this question, there are three rules you need to identify. Firstly, the circle is moving clockwise around the box, meaning it will be in the top-right-hand corner in the correct answer.

Secondly, the circle is always white. Thirdly, and this is trickier, there is a relationship between the circle and the square: when the circle is on the right-hand side of the box the square is black, and when the circle is on the left-hand side of the box, the square is white.

The correct answer is therefore A.

Question 3: Incremental Numbers of Things

What box is next in the sequence?

Once again, there are three rules you need to identify to solve this question. Firstly, the number of shapes the box increases by one each time, so the answer box needs to include 5 shapes, and is therefore not box D.

The second rule is that the colours alternate, so that when there are an odd number of boxes the outermost shape is black, and when there are an even number of boxes the outermost shape is white. Answer A therefore cannot be correct. The third rule is that the shapes are alternating circles and squares/diamonds, Answer C is therefore incorrect. The correct answer must be B.

Question 4: The Odd One Out

Which of these boxes does not form part of this group?

This is an example of a question where you have to work out what the rule is that makes these eight boxes a group.

In this case, the rule is that there must be the same number of shapes as the sides of the black shape. So where the black shape is a square, there must be four black squares. Where the black shape is a pentagon, there must be five black pentagons.

The odd one out is therefore answer H, as there are only five hexagons and there should be six. Watch out for the extraneous information in questions like this, as it is added to make the rules harder to spot.

Question 5: Flow Chart

Which diagram is next in each sequence?

The candidate must work out what rule each of the different elements contributes, and then use this to answer the questions below.

Here are the rules that the different elements contribute: