FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2019

 

ENGLISH (PRÉCIS &ComPosmoN),

 

  • Choose the word that is nearly most similar in meaning.
(d) Pleasant (d) Prevent

(d) Aggressive(d) Sordid

(d) Foetal

(d) Rudimentary (d) Surprise

(d) Quiet

(d) Solution (d) Hostile

  • SLEAZY (a) Fine (b) Respectable (c) Corrupt
  1. OXIDIZED (a) Cool down (b) Abrade   (c) Aid
  2. BELLICOSE (a) Calm (b) Pacific                    (c) Passive
  3. CHARLATAN (a) Honest (b) Decent                      (c) Fraud
  4. EMBRYONIC (a) Adult (b) Hostile                  (c) Immoral
  5. FLABBERGASTED (a) Astonish (b) Bore                  (c) Clear up
  6. VACILLATE (a) Remnant (b) Persistence               (c) Tentative
  7. TUMULT (a) Agreement (b) Harmony                  (c) Turmoil
  8. SABBATICAL (a) Break (b) Aggression              (c) Agreement
  9. PUSILLANIMOUS (a) Quack (b) Sordid               (c) Timorous
  • Choose the world that is nearly most opposite in meaning
(d) Meaningless (d) Deviation (d) Mirthless (d) Eradicate
1.   INANE  
 (a) Absurd(b) Bright(c) Laughable
2.   ANOMALY  
 (a) Abnormality(b) Inconsistency(c) Regularity
3.   MELANCHOLY  
 (a) Gloomy(b) Pensive(c) Cheerful
4.   OBLITERATE  
 (a) Obscure(b) Construct(c)       Eliminate

 

  1. STRIDENT

(a) Loud                              (b) Quist                                                         (c) Blatant                          (d) Hoarse

  1. CONVOLUTED

(a) Puzzled                         (b) Intricate                               (c) Straightforward (d) Tangled

  1. ENFRANCHISE

(a) Empower                      (b) Restrain                      (c) Liberate                        (d) Naturalize

  1. DENIGRATE

(a) Compliment               (b) Defame                         (c) Slander                          (d) Impugn

  1. SALUTARY

(a) Beneficial                     (b) Sound                           (c) Unhealthy                   (d) Wholesome

  1. SCURRILOUS

(a) Insulting                       (b) Moral                           (c) Lewd                             (d) Offending

0 Correct the following sentences:

  • He enjoyed during the holidays.
  • None of the boys had learnt their lesson.
  • He is abusing the money of his father.
  • I regret at the delay.
  • I could not help but laugh.
  • I always have and always shall be your friend.
  • I was out walking when I saw the new moon in the garden.
  • He cried as if he was mad.

Solution:

  • He enjoyed himself during the holidays.
  • None of the boys had learnt his lesson.
  • He is misusing the money of his father.
  • I regret for the delay.
  • I could not help laughing.

(I) I always have been and always shall be your friend.

  • I was out walking when I saw the crescent in the garden.
  • He cried as if he were mad.

CI Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:

1.To cast pearls before swine2.To step into one’s shoes
3.Stuff and nonsense4.A wild goose chase
5.To be ill at ease6.Sit on the fence
7.In a jiffy8.To preen oneself

 

  1. To cast pearls before swine

Meaning: To present something valuable to one who does not recognize its worth.

Use in sentence: He explained the beauty of the music to her but it was just casting pearls before swine.

  1. To step into one’s shoes

Meaning: To take over a job or some role from someone

Use in sentence: There was no one who could step into Maryam’s shoes when she left, so everything came to a stop.

  1. Stuff and nonsense —

Meaning: Rubbish, nonsense.

Use in sentence: We have a meeting each week meant to motivate staff, but it’s just stuff and nonsense from management.

  1. A wild goose chase

Meaning: The fruitless pursuit of something unattainable.

Use in sentence: They sent me on a wild goose chase to find a copy of a book that hasn’t been released yet.

  1. To be ill at ease

Meaning: Nervous or anxious.

Use in sentence: My sister loves performing, but I’m ill at easy on stage.

  1. Sit on the fence

Meaning: To not make a decision or take a side when presented with two or more options or possibilities

Use in sentence: You can’t sit on the fence any longer—you need to choose who of these two we need to fire.

  1. In a jiffy —

Meaning: In an instant

Use in sentence: Just wait a minute. I’ll be there in a jiffy.

  1. To preen oneself

Meaning: To pride (oneself) on an achievement, personal quality

Use in sentence: He preened himself on having been graduated with honors.