FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS • IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2018
ENGLISH (PRECIS & COMPOSITION)
- Choose the word that is nearly most similar in meaning.
|(a) Whole||(b) Full||(c) Era 1gilent||(d) All in all|
|(a) Compliment||(b) Tap||(c) Approve||(d) Bash|
|(a) Invincible||(b) Surmountable||(c) Conquerable||(d) Hostile|
|(a) Refined||(b) Moral||(c) Decent||(d) Untreated|
|(a) Frank||(b) Reticent||(c) Naive||(d) Open|
|(a) Benevolent||(b) Malign||(c) Honest||(d) Friendly|
|(a) Slack||(b) Stern||(c) Scornful||(d) Nasty|
|(a) Disengage||(b) Withdraw||(c) Break||(d) Interlock|
|(a) Temperamental||(b) Tranquil||(c) Stormy||(d) Excitable|
|(a) Moderate||(b) Nonpartisan||(c) Fanatic||(d) Unbiased|
|❑||Choose the world that is nearly most||opposite in meaning.|
|(a) Commencement||(b) Foundation||(c) Conclusion||(d) Inauguration|
|(a) Conformist||(b) Protester||(c) Demonstrator||(d) Lazy|
|(a) Discharge||(b) Emit||(c) Evacuate||(d) Retain|
|(a) Interval||(b) Strengthen||(c) Decline||(d) Blunder|
|(a) Hat_ j):ylon||(b) Blasphemy||(c) Nonconformity||(d) Dissension|
|(a) Calm||(b) Relaxed||(c) Baffled||(d) Confident|
|(a) Superior||Servant||(c) Inferior||(d) Subordinate|
|(a) Inefficient||(b) Incompetent||(c) Meticulous||(d) Lax|
|(a) Facilitate||(b) Prevent||(c) Oppose||(d) Frustrate|
|(a) Clash||(b) Dispute||(c) Disagreement||(d) Reconciliation|
❑ Correct the following sentences:
- They only work when they have no money.
- They left the hotel here they had been staying in a motor-car.
- I cannot by no means allow you to do so.
- My friend said he never remembered having read a more enjoyable book.
- Going up the hill, an old temple was seen.
- One day the bird did not perform certain tricks which had thought it to his satisfaction.
- I was rather impressed by the manner of the orator than by his matter.
- What an awful weather!
- They work only when they have no money.
- In a motor-car, they left the hotel where they had been staying.
- I can by no means allow you to do so.
- My friend said he did not remember having read a more enjoyable book.
- Going up the hill, we saw an old temple.
- One day the bird did not perform to his satisfaction certain tricks which he had taught it.
- I was impressed rather by the manner of the orator than by his matter.
- What an awesome weather!
❑ Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
|1.||Show and tell||2.||Helter-skelter|
|3.||To the death||4.||Tilt at windmills|
|5.||Het up||6.||The whole ball of wax|
|7.||It’s about time||8.||Punch-up|
- Show and tell-Cfl) (Pt)
Meaning: a public display or demonstration
Use in sentence: I caught black snakes and took them to school for show-and-tell.
Meaning: in disorderly haste or confusion
Use in sentence: Some 200 people ran helter-skelter when police raided the area.
- To the death
Meaning: until dead
Use in sentence: They would probably fight to the death to defend Asim.
- Tilt at windmills
Meaning: attacking imaginary enemies
Use in sentence: I’ve wasted too much of my life tilting at windmills.
- Het up —
Meaning: angry and agitated
Use in sentence: Her husband is all het up about something.
- The whole ball of wax — Meaning: everything
Use in sentence: There’s nothing more to tell you. That’s the whole ball of wax.
- It’s about time
Meaning: it should have occurred a long time ago
Use in sentence: It’s about time you got here. I’ve been waiting for over an hour!
- Punch-up — (IA)
Meaning: a fistfight, a brawl
Use in sentence: The quarrel ended in a punch-up.
❑ Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences: (i) Callous, Callus (ii) Born, Borne
- Faint, Feint (iv) Dinghy, Dingy
(v) Lose, Loose (vi) Waiver, Waver
(vii) Shear, Sheer (viii) Resister, Resistor
Meaning: harsh, cruel, ruthless
Use in sentence: His callous comments about the murder made me shiver. Callus:
Meaning: a thickened and hardened part of the skin
Use in sentence: His hands are soft and have only mild calluses from playing guitar.
Meaning: existing as a result of birth
Use in sentence: Ali was born in Lahore.
Meaning: carried or transported by the thing specified
Use in sentence: Dengue, malaria and chikungunya are vector-borne diseases.
Meaning: possible but unlikely; slight
Use in sentence: There is a faint chance that the enemy may flee.
Meaning: any distracting or deceptive manoeuvre (as a mock attack)
Use in sentence: The boxer made a feint with his right and then followed with a left hook.
Meaning: a small inflatable rubber boat
Use in sentence: His group set off aboard a rubber dinghy, but was never heard from again.
Meaning: shabby, squalid
Use in sentence: On a cold, foggy night, I walked out a dingy hotel in handcuffs.
Meaning: be deprived of, suffer the loss of, no longer have Use in sentence: She was very upset about losing her job.
Meaning: not tight; not closely constrained
Use in sentence: The large shoes were very loose.
Meaning: renunciation, surrender, repudiation
Use in sentence: They give consent to waiver of their subrogation rights.
Meaning: falter, wobble, tremble
Use in sentence: His voice wavered with a hint of uncertainty.
Meaning: cut off (something such as hair, wool, or grass), with scissors or shears Use in sentence: The sheep are sheared and their wool sold.
Meaning: to deviate from a course
Use in sentence: The car sheered to avoid hitting the dog.
Meaning: someone who offers opposition
Use in sentence: My fellow resisters and I brought our spirit of resistance to the prison system.
Meaning: a.device designed to introduce resistance into an electric circuit
Use in sentence: Resistors are used to step up or lower the voltage at different points in a circuit.