FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2016
ENGLISH (PRÉCIS & COMPOSITION)
- Choose the word that is nearly most similar in meaning.
|(a) Emig||(b) Doubter||(c) Frolic||(d) Converse|
|(a) Light||(b) Satiate||(c) Carry||(d) Horror|
|(a) Prayer||(b) Sanctuary||(c) Pious||(d) Sacred|
|(a) Gauche||(b) Fine||(c) Brilliant||(d) Indecent|
|(a) Violent||(b) Misbegotten||(c) Loud||(d) Stealthy|
|(a) Talkative||(b) Thirsty||(c) Beautiful||(d) Complicated|
|(a) Chimney||(b) Protest||(c) Illusion||(d) Panache|
|(a) Audacity||(b) Fearfulness||(c) Shyness||(d) Stupidity|
|(a) Habit||(b) Nearness||(c) Capacity||(d) Tendency|
|(a) Numerous||(b) Bountiful||(c) Strident||(d) Garrulous|
|❑||Choose the world that is nearly most||opposite in meaning.|
|(a) Irrelevant||(b) Indifferent||(c) Impartial||(d) Improvident|
|(a) Determined||(b) Placid||(c) Reasonable||(d) Pliant|
|(a) Ingratitude||(b) Condemn||(c) Dissatisfaction||(d) Master|
|(a) Unimportant||(b) Relevant||(c) Serious||(d) Meek|
(d) Prescient (d) Homespun (d) Marsupial (d) Tardy
|(a) Crafty||(b) Frugal||(c) Sensible|
|(a) Lackadaisical||(b) Active||(c) Dull|
|(a) Cheerful||(h) Sincere||(c) Inelegant|
|(a) Paternal||(b) Crepuscular||(c) Maritime|
|(a) Wealthy||(b) Cautious||(c) Hungary|
|(a) Hunched||(b) Strong||(c) Simple|
U Choose the analogy of the words written in capital letters.
- SLAPSTICK : LAUGHTER
|(d) Mimicry : tears|
(a) Fallacy : dismay (b) Genre : mystery (c) Satire : anger
|(b) Induction : amelioration|
(d) Marginalization : intimidation
(b) Inventor : imaginative (d) Overseer ; wealthy
(e) H9rror : fear
- CONVICTION : INCARCERATION (a) Reduction : diminution
(c) Radicalization : estimation
(e) Proliferation : alliteration
- PROFESSOR : ERUDITE (a) Aviator : licensed
(c) Procrastinator : conscientious (e) Analogy : comparison
- METAPHOR : SYMBOL
|Nuance : song (d) Slang : usage|
Furrier : rambunctious Shepherd : garrulous
Devotion : reverence Eminence : anonymity
Tissue : organ (d) Blood : vein
(a) Pentameter : poem (b) Rhythm : melody (c) (e) Analogy : comparison
- SPY : CLANDESTINE
(a) Accountant : meticulous (b)
(c) Lawyer : ironic (d)
(e) Astronaut : opulent
- VERVE : ENTHUSIASM
(a) Loyalty : duplicity (b)
(c) Intensity : colour (d)
(e) Generosity : elation
- DELTOID : MUSCLE
(a) Radius : bone (b) Brain : nerve (c)
(e) Scalpel : incision
- DEPENDABLE : CAPRICIOUS
(a) Fallible : cantankerous (b) Erasable : obtuse
(c) Malleable : limpid (d) Capable : inept
(e) Incorrigible : guilty
- Correct only five of the following:
- We were staying at my sister’s cape’s code vacation home.
- She recommended me that I take a few days off from work.
- I tried to explain him the problem, but he had difficulty understanding me.
- I’ll do the grocery shopping for you grandma, Lucy said.
- We took a tent, a cooler, and a sleeping bag.
(1) I don’t know why you didn’t go. If I were you, I should have gone.
- Kevin says he stopped to travel internationally because of his family.
- Don’t run! Mr. Salman shouted.
- We were staying at my sister’s Cape Cod vacation home.
- She recommended that I take a few days off from work.
- I tried to explain the problem to him, but he had difficulty understanding me.
- “I’ll do the grocery shopping for you grandma”, Lucy said.
- We took tent, cooler and a sleeping bag.
- I don’t know why you didn’t go. If I were you, I would have gone.
- Kevin says he stopped travelling internationally because of his family.
- Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
|1.||Smash hit||2.||Murphy’s law|
|3.||Place in the Sun||4.||Wooden spoon|
|5.||Go bananas||6.||Beard the Lion in his den|
|7.||Groan inwardly||8.||Chicken out|
- Smash hit
Meaning: a song, play, movie, that is very popular
Use in sentence: Her first book was a smash hit. The second was a disaster.
- Murphy’s Law
Meaning: humorous axiom stating that anything that can go wrong will go wrong
Use in sentence: I am a great believer in Murphy’s Law what can go wrong will go wrong.
- Place in the Sun
Meaning: a dominant or favourable position or situation
Use in sentence: The Nobel laureates really enjoyed their place in the sun.
- Wooden spoon
Meaning: an imaginary prize given to the person or team if they finish last in a race or competition
Use in sentence: Our college team took the wooden spoon in the inter-collegiate tournament this year.
- Go bananas
Meaning: to become extremely angry or excited
Use in sentence: She’ll go bananas when you tell her the news.
- Beard the Lion in his den
Meaning: to visit an important person in order to tell or ask them something unpleasant
Use in sentence: I ‘ m going to beard the lion in his den tomorrow, and ask him plainly why he had not increased my salary.
- Groan inwardly — (ex …•..4°)
Meaning: Feel dismayed by something but remain silent
Use in sentence: Why does the thought of eating worms make me groan inwardly?
- Chicken out — (ex .1)i””) – el 4)
Meaning: to decide not to do something because one is afraid Use in sentence: You’re not going to chicken out, are you?
U Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences:
(i) adverse, averse (ii) altogether, all together
- allude, elude (iv) braise, braze
(v) curb, kerb (vi) faze, phase
(vii) maybe, may be (viii) moat, mote
Meaning: having a negative or harmful effect on something
Use in sentence: The match has been cancelled due to adverse weather conditions.
Meaning: strongly disliking or opposed to
Use in sentence: Few MPs are averse to the attention of the media.
Meaning: completely, entirely .
Use in sentence: When he first saw the examination questions, he was altogether baffled.
Meaning: in a group
Use in sentence: The wedding guests were gathered all together in the garden.
Meaning: to make indirect reference
Use in sentence: He alluded to the problem but did not mention it.
Meaning: to evade or escape from
Use in sentence: The thief eluded the police.
Meaning: fry (food) lightly and then stew it slowly in a closed container Use in sentence: He braised the beef in a wine sauce.
Meaning: form, fix, or join by soldering with an alloy of copper and zinc at high temperature Use in sentence: Each joint is turned up tightly and well pinned or brazed.
Meaning: the edge of a raised path nearest the road Use in sentence: She tripped over the kerb.
Meaning: to control or to limit
Use in sentence: We must curb our spending next month.
Meaning: to disturb, bother, or embarrass, to disrupt the composure of Use in sentence: Fireworks did not faze the sleeping baby.
Meaning: any distinct time period in a sequence of events
Use in sentence: The reaction occurs in the liquid phase of the system.
Meaning: an adverb meaning “perhaps” or “possibly” Use in sentence: Maybe I will go out tonight.
Meaning: A verb phrase meaning “might be” or “could he.” Use in sentence: I may be going out tonight.
Meaning: a thin stream of water that completely surrounds right
Use in sentence: Since the dragon could not swim, he dared not cross the moat to any window or door of the castle.
Meaning: a tiny piece of a substance; a speck.
Use in sentence: A small mote of glass entered my foot. so tiny that I wasn’t able to pull it out without tweezers.