FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2013

 

ENGLISH (PRÉCIS & COMPOSITION)

Choose the word that is nearly most similar in meaning to the Capitalized words:

1.BRISTLE  
 (a) Regulate(b) Flare up(c)         Frail                                                              (d) Exhilarate
 (e) None of these  
2.DELUGE  
 (a) Immerse(b) Rescue(c) Drown                           (d) Overflow
 (e) None of these  
3.TIRADE  
 (a) Argument(b) Procession(c) Angry Speech              (d) Torture
 (e) None of these  
4.QUASI  
 (a) Secret(b) Improper(c) Seeming                        (d) Whole
 (e) None of these  
5.VILIFY  
 (a) To Prove(b) Boast(c) Defraud                          (d) Defame
 (e) None of these  
6.RIGMAROLE  
 (a) Unnecessary(b) Disorder(c) Confused talk             (d) Game
 (e) None of these  
7.DEIGN  
 (a) Condescend(b) Pretend(c) Disparage          (d) Refuse
 (e) None of these  
8.PROLETARIAT  
 (a) Trade agreement (b) Government Secretariat
 (c) Labouring Class (d)         Wealthy Class
 (e)     None of these  
9.LUDICROUS  
 (a) Liberal(b) Fearful(c) Comic                            (d) Praiseworthy
 (e) None of these  

 

  1. MALEFIC

(a) Baleful                                                                          (b) Belonging to a male person

(c) Social                                                                            (d) Fighting by nature
(e) None of these

  • Choose the word that is nearly most opposite in meaning to the Capitalized words:
11.                   LANGUID   
 (a) Feeble(b) Dull(c) Vigorous (d) Weak
 (e) None of these   
12.                   HIGH-STRUNG   
 (a) Nervous(b) Tense(c) Costly(d) Calm
 (e) None of these   
13.                   METTLE   
 (a) Courage(b) Boldness(c) Cowardice(d) Spirit
 (e) None of these   
14.                   ABRIDGEMENT   
 (a) Epitome(b) Dissect(c) Abstract(d) Synopsis
 (e) None of these   
15.                   CAJOLE   
 (a) Flaunt(b) Coax(c) Beguile(d) Flatter
 (e) None of these   
16.                   CELIBACY   
 (a) Virginity(b) Wedlock(c) Chastity(d) Single
 (e) None of these   
17.                   INCLEMENT   
 (a) Rough(b) Unpleasant(c) Unfavourable(d) Genial
 (e) None of these   
18.                   IRRESOLUTE   
 (a) Ineffective(b) Without Resolution 
 (c) Yielding(d) Sturdy(e) None of these 
19.                   ANNEXATIONS   
 (a) Supplement(b) Augmentation(c) Appendix(d) Contraction
 (e) None of these   
20.                   INCUR   
 (a) Shun (b) Run(c) Blamed(d) Meet
 (e) None of these   
  • Correct the following sentences:
  • My boss agreed with my plan.
  • If he was here, he would be as wise as he was during the war.
  • We have amusements in form of music.
  • You get hungry for all the work you have to do.
  • We were glad for being there
  • I prefer the fifth act of Shakespeare’s King Lear the best of all.
  • After finishing my lecture, the bell rang.
  • We needed not to be afraid.

Solution:

  • My boss agreed to my plan.
  • If he were here, he would be as wise as he was during the war.
  • We have amusement in form of music.
  • You go hungry for all the work you have to du.
  • We were glad of being there.

(t)     I prefer the fifth act of Shakespeare’s King Lear the best of all.

  • After I finished my lecture, the bell rang.
  • We needed not be afraid.

❑ Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:

1.The milk of human kindness2.A rule of thumb
3.Out and out4.To wash one’s dirty linen in public
5.To pay through the nose6.To lose face

 

  1. The milk of human kindness (,,,/ LAM

Meaning: kind behaviour, considered to be natural to human beings

Use in sentence: Maria is completely hard and selfish; she doesn’t have the milk of human kindness in her.

  1. A rule of thumb ( ;,..”)

Meaning: a practical method of doing or measuring something, usually based on past experience rather than on exact measurement

Use in sentence: As a rule of thumb, you should cook a chicken for 30 minutes for each pound of weight.

  1. Out and out (A, At AO

Meaning: in every respect; absolute

Use in sentence: He is out and out a liar.

  1. To wash one’s dirty linen in public

Meaning: to discuss your personal affairs in public, especially something embarrassing

Use in sentence: I was brought up to believe that it was wrong to wash your dirty linen in public.

  1. To pay through the nose

Meaning: to pay too much money for something

Use in sentence: If you bring a car into the city, you have to pay through the nose for parking it.

  1. To lose face j1.2r., Cry)

Meaning: to look stupid

Use in sentence: Things will go better if you can explain to him where he was wrong without making him lose face.

121 Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences:

(i)Adjoin, Adjourn(ii)Allay, Ally
iii)Bases, Basis(iv)Click, Clique
(v)Distract, Detract(vi)Liable, Libel
  • Adjoin:

Meaning: be next to and joined with

Use in sentence: The kitchen adjoins the dining room.

Adjourn:

Meaning: break off (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later Use in sentence: The meeting was adjourned until December 4th.

  • Allay:

Meaning: diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry)

Use in sentence: The report attempted to educate the public and allay fears.

Ally:

Meaning: a person or organization that cooperates with or helps,another in a particular activity Use in sentence: He was forced to dismiss his closest political ally.

  • Bases:

Meaning: plural form of basis

Use in sentence: That rather covers all the bases, doesn’t it?

Basis:

Meaning: the underlying support or foundation for an idea, argument, or process; status

Use in sentence: Trust is the only basis for a good working relationship. She needed coaching on a regular basis.

  • Click:

Meaning: a short, sharp sound as of a switch being operated or of two hard objects coming quickly into contact

Use in sentence: She heard the click of the door.

Clique:

Meaning: a small group of people, with shared interests. who spend time together and do not readily allow others to join them; circle

Use in sentence: Almost no one from her clique showed up at the reunion.

  • Distract:

Meaning: prevent (someone) from giving full attention to something Use in sentence: Don’t allow noise to distract you from your work.

Detract:

Meaning: reduce or take away the value of

Use in sentence: These quibbles in no way detract from her achievement.

  • Liable:

Meaning: responsible by law

Use in sentence: The supplier of goods can become liable for breach of contract in a variety of ways.

Libel:

Meaning: a published false statement that is damaging to a person’s reputation Use in sentence: She sued two newspapers for libel.