FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL CI-WERNMENT, 2011
ENGLISH (PRÉCIS & COMPOSITION)
Choose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in Capital letters. (Do only Five) Extra attempt of any Part of the question shall not be considered.
(a) Daily ritual (b) Widely held belief
(c) Account of events
- Sea bird with a wing span four times its body length
- Narrow gorge with a stream running through it
- Warm summer wind
(a) Editorial (b) Clever head line
(c) Tomb stone inscription
(a) Concise (b) Weekly (c) Circular
(a) Gravelly beach (b) Exposed sand bar (c) Group of dolphins
(a) Related by marriage (b) Of sons and daughters
(c) Of brothers
(a) A hatred for children (b) Middle age
(c) Family history
(a) Marriage vow (b) Household (c) Golden years
J Choose the word that is nearly most opposite in meaning to the Capitalized words. (Do only Five) Extra attempt of any Part of the question shall not be considered.
(a) Supplement (b) Augment (c) Append (d) Contract
|(a) Bridle||(b) Encouragement||(c) Reproach||(d) Ameliorate|
|(a) Gruff||(b) Curt||(c) Smooth||(d) Discourteous|
|(a) Amity||(b) Accord||(c) Variance||(d) Unity|
|(a) Uncorrupt||(b) Honourable||(c) Principled||(d) Profligate|
|(a) Sagacious||(b) Shrewd||(c)Bungling||(d) Prudent|
|(a) Uprightness||(b) Pretence||(c) Cant||(d) Deceit|
|(a) Burdensome||(b) Wearing||(c) Difficult||(d) Fluent|
- Correct the following sentences:
- Please speak to the concerned clerk.
- You have got time too short for that.
- Not only he was a thief, but he was also a murderer.
- They thought that the plan would be succeeded.
- It is unlikely that he wins the race. (1) My uncle has told me something about it yesterday.
- I hoped that by the time I would have got there it would have stopped raining
- They prevented the driver to stop. Solution:
- Please speak to the clerk concerned.
- You have got too short a time for that.
- He was not only a thief, but also a murderer.
- They thought that the plan would succeed.
- It is unlikely that he win the race.
- My uncle told me something about it yesterday.
- I hope that by the time I got there it would have stopped raining.
- They prevented the driver from stopping.
- Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
|1.||To eat one’s words||2.||Dog in the manger|
|3.||A close shave||4.||A Freudian slip|
|5.||A Gordian knot||6.||A cog in the machine|
|7.||A sugar daddy||8.||A wet blanket|
- To eat one’s words
Meaning: to retract what one has said
Use in sentence: He accused him of dishonesty without any proof. Later, he had to eat his words.
- Dog in the manger —
Meaning: a person who stops other people from enjoying what he cannot use or does not want Use in sentence: We asked our neighbour for the fence posts he had left over, but, like a dog in the manger, he threw them out rather than give them to us.
- A close shave —
Meaning: a narrow escape from danger
Use in sentence: Our car collided with a tree but all of us were miraculously unhurt. It was a close shave.
- Freudian slip —
Meaning: unintentional error that seems to reveal subconscious feelings
Use in sentence: In an unguarded moment I told him the secret of her marriage. It was a Freudian slip.
- A Gordian knot
Meaning: an exceedingly complicated problem or deadlock
Use in sentence: Homelessness in the inner cities has become a real Gordian knot.
- A cog in the machine
Meaning: a small or insignificant member of a larger organization or system
Use in sentence: This warehouse is an important cog in our distribution machine.
A sugar daddy
Meaning: a rich, older, man who supports or spends lavishly on a usually much younger girlfriend
Use in sentence: When you tell him that he’s a sugar daddy, he gets very angry.
- A wet blanket
Meaning: a dull or depressing person who spoils other people’s enjoyment
Use in sentence: Instead of being a help, the new manager has become a wet blanket for the staff.
Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences: (i) Capital, Capitol (ii) Assay, Essay
(iii) Envelop, envelope (iv) Decree, Degree
(v) Desolate, Dissolute (vi) Species, Specie
(vii) Tortuous, Torturous (viii) Wet, Whet
Meaning: a city which is the centre of government of a country or smaller political area
Use in sentence: Australia’s capital city is Canberra.
Meaning: the building in which a state legislature meets
Use in sentence: A state legislature will meet in a capitol building.
- Assay: Meaning: an examination or testing
Use in sentence: A positive result has been obtained in a mouse lymphoma assay.
Meaning: attempt a short piece of writing on a particular subject
Use in sentence: The Diploma is assessed by three essays of 3,000 words each.
- Envelop: Meaning: to coyer or surround something completely
Use in sentence: The graveyard looked ghostly, enveloped in mist.
Meaning: a flat, usually square or rectangular, paper container for a letter
Use in sentence: A stamped, addressed envelope should be enclosed for reply.
- Decree: Meaning: en official statement that something must happen
Use in sentence: More than 200 people were freed by military decree.
Meaning: amount or level of something
Use in sentence: This job demands a high degree of skill.
- Desolate: Meaning: describes a place that is empty and not attractive
Use in sentence: The house stood in a bleak and desolate landscape.
Dissolute: Meaning: immoral
Use in sentence: He led a dissolute life.
- Species: Meaning: a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to eac other
Use in sentence: Over a hundred species of insect are found in this area.
Meaning: coined money
Use in sentence: The next insinuation is that the Bank has refused specie payments.
Meaning: not direct or simple
Use in sentence: He took a tortuous route through back streets.
Meaning: causing torture
Use in sentence: It was torturous to think that he could have stopped the boy from running into the road.
- .iii) Wet:
Meaning: covered in water or another liquid Use in sentence: My bike got wet in the rain.
Meaning: to increase someone’s interest in and wish for something
Use in sentence: I’ve read an excerpt of the book on the Web and it’s whetted my appetite