FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2010

ENGLISH (PRECIS &COMPOSITION)

Pick the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the capitalized word.

 

1.ACRIMONIOUS   
(a) Bitter(b) Provocative(c) Cheap(d) Volatile
2.CALLIGRAPHY (a) Computers(b) Handwriting(c) Blood Pressure(d) Brain waves
3.UNEQUIVOCAL (a) Variable(b) Plain(c) Unmistakable(d) Negligent
4.DEMISE

(a) Conclude

(b) End(c) Affection(d) Death
5.INCENDIARY (a) Happy(b) Sneer(c) Causing fire(d) Jolly
6.TOUCHSTONE (a) Remind(b) A hall(c) At rest(d) Criterion
7.VOID

(a) Emptiness

(b) Lea(c) Anger(d) Trick
8.ESSAY (a) Direct(b) Compose(c) Attempt (d) Suppose

 

Indicate the most nearly opposite in meaning to the word in capital letters: (Do only FIVE), Extra attempt of any Part of the question will not be considered.

  1. IGNOBLE

(a) Lowly                         (b) Vile                               (c) Good                             (d) Noble

  1. MELANCHOLY

 (a) Sorrowful                (b) Happy                          (c) Forbidden                   (d) Brisk

  1. OBLITERATE

(a) Preserve                    (b) Destroy                        (c) Ravage                            (d) Dego

  1. ALLY

(a) Alloy                          (b) Foe                                 (c) Partner                         (d) Accessory

  1. VULGAR

 (a) Coarse                      (b) Gross                            (c) Exquisite                     (d) Obscene

  1. PRETEND
  2. (a) Sham (b) Substantiate               (c) Feign                              (d) Fabricate
  3. LIBERTY

(a) Permission                   (b) Licence                         (c) Serfdom                       (d) Bound

  1. CONSCIENTIOUS

(a) Uncorrupt                    (b) Honourable                 (c) Principled                      (d) Profligate

  • Correct the following sentences:
  • This house is built of brick and stone.
  • The climate of Pakistan is better than England?
  • He swore by God.
  • You ought to have regarded him your benefactor.
  • My friend is very ill, I hope he will soon die.
  • He is waiting for better and promising opportunity.
  • When I shall see her I will deliver her your gift.
  • Many a sleepless nights she spent.

Solution:

  • This house is built to brick and stone.
  • The climate of Pakistan is better than that of England.
  • He swore to God.
  • You ought to have regarded him as your benefactor.
  • My friend is very ill. I fear he will die soon.
    (t) He is waiting for a better and promising opportunity.
  • When I see her I will deliver her your gift.
  • Many a sleepless night she spent.
  • Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
1.Make for2.Yeoman’s service
3.Discretion is the better part of valour4.A casting vote
5.Look down upon6.Iconoclast
7.Out of the wood8.A swan song
  1. Make for – 71

Meaning: cause of

Use in sentence: That letter of yours will make for hard feelings in the family.

  1. Yeoman’s service –

Meaning: efficient or useful help in need

Use in sentence: On many occasions, his morality did him genuine yeoman’s service.

  1. Discretion is the better part of valour – A h.

Meaning: it is better to avoid a dangerous situation than to confront it

Use in sentence: She decided not to voice her opposition to the Chairman’s remarks. Perhaps discretion was the better part of valour.

  1. Casting vote

Meaning: the vote that gives one group a majority when the other votes are equally divided Use in sentence: Speaker made his casting vote in favour of the bill.

  1. Look down on

Meaning: regard someone with a feeling of superiority Use in sentence: Do not look down on the poor.

  1. Iconoclast

Meaning: a breaker or destroyer of images esp. religious

Use in sentence: Ahmadinejad is an iconoclast leader of the Muslim world.

Out of the wood

Meaning: free from difficulties

Use in sentence: It is true that the economy is getting stronger, but we are not out of the woods yet.

& Swan song

Meaning: final achievement or public appearance

Use in sentence: Blind girl sings her “swan song”, and at the end of her performance she is killed.

Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences:

(i) Adverse, Averse                 (ii) Maize, Maze

(iii) Medal, Meddle               (iv) Imperious, Imperial

(v)Veracity, Voracity                (vi) Allusion, Illusion

(vii) Ordinance, Ordnance        (viii) Willing, Wilful

Ii) Adverse:

Meaning: having a negative or harmful effect on something

Use in sentence: The match has been cancelled due to adverse weather conditions.

Averse:

Meaning: strongly disliking or opposed to

Use in sentence: Few MPs are averse to the attention of the media.

411 Maize:

Meaning: a tall plant grown in many parts of the world for its yellow seeds which are eaten as food, made into flour or fed to animals

Use in sentence: Some of our foods may contain ingredients produced from genetically modified maize.

Maze:

Meaning: an intricate, usually confusing network of interconnecting pathways Use in sentence: The old part of the town was a maze of narrow passages.

  • Medal:

Meaning: a small, flat piece of metal with a design or inscription stamped or inscribed on it, made to commemorate some event, or awarded for some distinguished action

Use in sentence: She won three Olympic gold medals.

Meddle:

Meaning: to concern oneself with or take part in other people’s affairs without being asked or needed

Use in sentence: People shouldn’t meddle with things they don’t understand.

  • Imperial:

Meaning: belonging or relating to an empire or the person or country that rules it

Use in sentence: Although the imperial child was so young, he still became the next king. Imperious:

Meaning: unpleasantly proud and expecting obedience

Use in sentence: She always talks in imperious mood.

  • Voracity:

Meaning: excessive desire to eat

Use in sentence: On reaching the ship they were offered some bread, which they devoured with a voracious appetite.

Veracity:

Meaning: the quality of being true, honest or accurate

Use in sentence: The veracity of the second claim can be tested against the findings of archaeology.

  • Illusion:

Meaning: an idea or belief which is not true

Use in sentence: He had no illusions about his talents as a singer.

Allusion:

Meaning: something that is said or written that is intended to make you think of a particular thing or person

Use in sentence: Her novels are packed with literary allusions.

  • Ordinance:

Meaning: a law or rule made by a government or authority

Use in sentence: City Ordinance 126 forbids car parking in this area.

Ordnance:

Meaning: all military weapons together with ammunition, combat vehicles, etc. and the equipment and supplies used in servicing these

Use in sentence: Do not touch any military ordnance that may be found lying around this area.

  • Willing:

Meaning: inclined or favourably disposed in mind

Use in sentence: He was a willing participant in the crime.

Wilful:

Meaning: said or done deliberately or intentionally

Use in sentence: Wilful killing is a grave breach.