FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007
ENGLISH (PRÉCIS & COMPOSITION)
- Choose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters.
|(a) Tiny marine life||(b) Shallow water||(c) Local dialect||(d) Missing parts|
|(a) Moral lesson||(b) Sudden outburst||(c) Contradiction||(d) Pallid imitation|
|(a) Statue||(b) Cavern||(c) Neighbourhood||(d) Type of moth|
|(a) Rot||(b) To restrain||(c) Make better||(d) Enable to fly|
|(a) Indifference||(b) Boldness||(c) Deep affection||(d) Patient endurance|
|(a) Edible||(b) Parched||(c) Generous||(d) Mature|
|(a) Compliment||(b) Summary||(c) Perfume||(d) Awkwardness|
- Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized words.
|(a) Straighten||(b) Continue||(c) Unravel||(d) Detach|
|(a) Prodigal||(b) Intemperate||(c) Extravagant||(d) Profuse|
|(a) Neat||(b) Handy||(c) Graceful||(d) Handsome|
|(a) Firm||(b) Decided||(c) Inflexible||(d) Constant|
|(a) Liquefy||(b) Mollify||(c) Harden||(d) Solidify|
- Correct the following sentences:
- Either of these three umbrellas will suit me.
- Shall you not take my word in this matter?
- This poor man was suffering much for a long time past.
- If he had not died, he would grow up to be a murderer.
- Neither he nor I are in the wrong.
- It is high time they mend this road.
- I heard him went down the stairs.
- Paper is made of wood.
- Any of these three umbrellas will suit me.
- Should you not have my word in this matter?
- This poor man had been suffering much for a long time past.
- If he had not died, he would have grown up to be a murderer.
- Neither he nor I am in the wrong.
(I) It is high time they mended this road.
- I heard him going down the stairs.
- Paper is made from wood.
U Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
|1.||To put the lid on||2.||Flavour of the month|
|3.||Zero hours||4.||Gloom and doom|
|5.||To pig out||6.||Bag people|
|7.||Compassion fatigue||8.||No to mince matters|
- To put the lid on / keep the lid on —
Meaning: to keep something secret to, to keep something under control
Use in sentence: I don’t know how but we’ll have to put the lid on that rumour about her. Use in sentence: The government is keeping the lid on inflation.
- Flavour in the month —
Meaning: temporarily popular
Use in sentence: This rap artist is pop music’s current flavour of the month.
- Zero hour —
Meaning: the time when something important is to start
Use in sentence: The air force planes waited until zero hour in order to begin their bombing mission.
- Gloom and doom –
Meaning: the feeling that a situation is bad and is not likely to improve
Use in sentence: Come on, it’s not all doom and gloom, if we make a real effort, we could still win.
- To pig out
Meaning: eat ravenously, gorge oneself
Use in sentence: We went to the store and pigged out on soft ice cream.
- Bag people —
Meaning: homeless people
Use in sentence: Bag people always.wander here and there in search of shelter.
- Compassion fatigue —
Meaning: a weariness of and diminishing public response to frequent requests for charity
Use in sentence: More people are hungry today than ever before. Many social workers have compassion fatigue – tired out with all the repeated calls to do good.
- Not mince matters —
Meaning: moderate or restrain one’s language to be polite Use in sentence: Not mince matters, I feel he should resign.
❑ Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences: (i) affluence, effluence (ii) wretch, retch
(iii) euphemistic, euphuistic (iv) amoral, immoral
(v) imperial, imperious (vi) degrade, denigrate
(vii) temporal, temporary (viii) precipitate, precipitous
Meaning: having a lot of money or owning a lot of things
Use in sentence: When the economy crashed, many people of affluence became poor.
Meaning: a thing that flows out or forth
Use in sentence: Its manifestation in time is not a creation; it is an effluence from the eternal fount of spirit.
Meaning: a person who experiences something unpleasant
Use in sentence: A gentleman said that a week ago he was the wretch in the county, but now saved.
Meaning: to react in a way as if you are vomiting Use in sentence: The sight of blood makes him retch.
Meaning: a word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word Use in sentence: ‘Senior citizen’ is a euphemism for ‘old person’.
Meaning: affected elegance of language
Use in sentence: Euphuistic style has been used in many of his writings.
Meaning: without moral principles
Use in sentence: During battle, many soldiers become amoral and forget the difference between wrong and right while fighting for their lives.
Meaning: morally wrong
Use in sentence: It’s an immoral tax, because the poor will pay relatively more.
Meaning: belonging or relating to an empire or the person or country that rules it
Use in sentence: Although the imperial child was so young, he still became the next king.
Meaning: unpleasantly proud and expecting obedience
Use in sentence: He sent them away with an imperious wave of the hand.
Meaning: to lower in rank or status
Use in sentence: He likes to degrade people by calling them embarrassing names.
Meaning: to say that someone or something is not good or important
Use in sentence: You shouldn’t denigrate people just because they have different beliefs from you.
Meaning: relating to practical matters or physical things, rather than spiritual ones
Use in sentence: Her starting point: ‘The future is the only temporal area over which people have power’.
Meaning: not lasting or needed for very long
Use in sentence: The ceasefire will only provide a temporary solution to the crisis.
Meaning: to make something happen suddenly or sooner than expected Use in sentence: Fear of losing her job precipitated her into action.
Meaning: very steep, perpendicular
Use in sentence: People were shocked by his precipitous fall from political power.