Choose the word that is nearly similar in meaning to the word in capital letters.


(a) Curse(b) Cure(c) Anaemia(d) Asthma
2.TORPOR (a) Fever(b) Lethargy(c) Taciturn(d) Torrid
3.TOUCHSTONE (a) Criterion(b) Gold(c) Character(d) Characteristics
4.SEQUESTER (a) Eliminate(b) Finalize(c) Sedate(d) Isolate
(b) Dormancy(c) Termination(d) Explanation

Pick the most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word:

(a) Nourishing(b) Injurious(c) Vital(d) Fatal
2.VALEDICTORY (a) Farewell(b) Final(c) Hopeful(d) Parting
3.SEDENTARY (a) Afraid(b) Loyal(c) Active(d) Torpid
4.TURBID (a) Muddy(b) Clear(c)       Invariable(d) Improbable
5.PHLEGMATIC (a) Dull(b) Active(c) Lymphatic(d) Frigid


D Correct the following sentences:

  • What does a patient tell a doctor it is confidential?
  • It is a fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go
  • Did they not consider this as quite convincing?
  • Peter’s at Rome is the largest of all other churches.
  • The amount they receive in wages is greater than twenty years ago.
  • They succeeded without hardly making any effort.


  • Whatever have you done!
  • The officers were given places according to their respective ranks. Solution:
  • What a patient tell a doctor is confidential.
  • The fact that I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety, whenever, I go swimming.
  • Did they not consider this quite convincing?
  • Peter’s at Rome is the largest of all churches.
  • The amount they receive in wages is greater than that of twenty years ago. (1) They succeeded hardly making any effort.
  • What have you done?
  • The officers were given places according to their ranks.

Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:

  1. Keep one’s nose to the grindstone
  2. Knock someone for a loop / throw someone for a loop
  3. Letter perfect                    Off the wall
  4. Out to lunch 6.        Salt something away
  5. Take someone to the cleaners 8.                     Wear the pants
  6. Keep one’s nose to the grindstone

Meaning: to work hard for a long period of time without stopping

Use in sentence: We expect Rashid to get good grades again, since he really keeps his nose to the grindstone.

  1. Knock someone for a loop / throw someone for a loop 4)

Meaning: to sock or surprise someone

Use in sentence: The news of his death knocked me for a loop. Being, fired without any warning threw me for a loop.

  1. Letter perfect

Meaning: correct in all detail

Use in sentence: His story was letter perfect.

  1. Off the wall

Meaning: unusual and amusing

Use in sentence: This book is strange. It’s really off the wall.

  1. Out to lunch

Meaning: crazy or out of touch

Use in sentence: He is considered as ‘out-to-lunch’ by the group.


  1. Salt something away –

Meaning: save something for future, secretly and usually dishonestly Use in sentence: He salted away most of his earnings in a bank account.

Take someone to the cleaners

Meaning: to defeat someone completely

Use in sentence: Our team got taken to the cleaners.

S..Wear the pants

Meaning: be dominant partner in relationship

Use in sentence: Grandfather wears the pants at our house.

Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences:

(i)                          Counsel, Council                                    (ii)                Distinct, Distinctive

(iii) Apposite, Opposite                                            (iv) Deprecate, Depreciate

(v)         Punctual, Punctilious                                (vi) Judicial, Judicious

(vii) Salutary, Salubrious:                                    (viii) Canvas, Canvass:

1i) Counsel:

Meaning: to give advice, especially on social or personal problems Use in sentence: He did not accept my counsel.


Meaning: a body of persons specially designated or selected to act in an advisory, administrative, or legislative capacity

Use in sentence: You will meet the council this evening.

Iii) Distinct:

Meaning: clearly noticeable; that certainly exists

Use in sentence: There’s a distinct smell of cigarettes in here.


Meaning: something that is distinctive is easy to recognize because it is different from other things

Use in sentence: She’s got a very distinctive voice.

iii) Apposite:

Meaning: suitable and right for the occasion

Use in sentence: It is, however, apposite to note that this process will continue in the year ahead.


Meaning: completely different

Use in sentence: You’d never know they’re sisters – they’re completely opposite to each other in every way.


  • Deprecate:

Meaning: to not approve of something

Use in sentence: We deprecate this use of corripaily funds for political purposes.


Meaning: to (cause something to) lose value, especially over time

Use in sentence: If the value of our currency continues to depreciate, it will soon be worthless abroad.

  • Punctual:

Meaning: arriving, doing something or happening at the expected, correct time Use in sentence: He’s fairly punctual.


Meaning: very careful to behave correctly or to give attention to details Use in sentence: He was always punctilious in his manners.

  • Judicial:

Meaning: involving a court of law

Use in sentence: The defence team will seek a judicial review of the sentence.


Meaning: having or showing reason and good judgment in making decisions Use in sentence: We should make judicious use of the resources available to us.

  • Salutary:

Meaning: producing good benefits

Use in sentence: The vitamins have had a salutary influence on Junaid by giving him more energy.


Meaning: describes a place that is pleasant, clean and healthy to live in Use in sentence: He doesn’t live in a very salubrious part of town.

  • Canvas:

Meaning: a piece of cloth used by artists for painting on, usually with oil paints or the painting itself

Use in sentence: He spotted the canvas and smiled, shaking his head in disbelief.


Meaning: to try to get political support or votes, especially by visiting all the houses in an area Use in sentence: The younger activists were excited to canvass door-to-door for Bilawal.