English (Precis and Composition) CSS-2003

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003

 

ENGLISH (PRÉCIS & COMPOSITION)

  • Correct the following sentences:
  • The hostel provides boarding and lodging to students.
  • My cousin-brother will come to meet me.
  • He lives backside of my house.
  • You have read it. Isn’t it?
  • We discussed about this question.

(1) I am studying in an University for an year.

  • Neither he nor I are at fault.
  • The committee have issued a notice.
  • One must boast of his great qualities.
  • It is one of the best speeches that has ever been made in the General Assembly.

Solution:

  • A hostel provides boarding and lodging facility to the students.
  • My cousin will come to meet me.
  • He lives backside to my house.
  • You have read it. Haven’t you?
  • We discussed over this question.
  • I have been studying in a university for a year.
  • Neither he nor I am at
  • The committee has issued a notice.
  • One must boast of one’s great qualities.
  • It is one of the best speeches that have ever been made in the General Assembly.
  • Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
1. Kick the bucket 2. Bolt from the blue
3. Put your foot down 4. Worth your salt
5. Down the drain 6. Be all ears
7. Swan song 8. Cheek by Jowl
9. In a nutshell 10. Give me five!

 

  • Correct the following sentences:
  • Passing through ten different cities, Karachi is the most active.
  • He was laid up for six weeks with two broken ribs.
  • Some one showed the visitors in the room.
  • Until you remain idle you will make no progress.
  • It is very wrong to be devoted to lying and cheating.
  • He told me that he is waiting for me since a long time.
  • The house stood up in the dull street because of its red colour.
  • He brought the articles to the market which he wanted to sell.

Solution:

  • While passing through ten different cities, I found Karachi the most active.
  • He has been lying up for six weeks with two broken ribs.
  • Someone lead the visitors to the room.
  • As long as you remain idle you will make no progress.
  • It is much wrong to devote oneself to lying and cheating.
  • He told me that he had been waiting for me since a long time.
  • The house stood up in the street looking dull because of its red colour.
  • He brought the articles to the market that he wanted to sell.
  • Use the following idioms in sentences to make their meaning clear:
1. To bring grist to the mill 2. Set one’s cap
3. To draw the longbow 4. Send a person to Coventry
5. Beer and skittles 6. Acid test
7. Skeleton in the cupboard 8. To A mare’s nest
  1. To bring grist to the mill (.. b l..,: .A.!, DIA; …._ 41 e :A, Si)
    Meaning: something that is useful to someone for a particular purpose Usein sentence: As an actor, all experience is grist to the
  2. Set one’s cap (11. h:…,40 L …$)

Meaning: pursue someone romantically

Use in sentence: I thought Ayesha had set her cap for me, but we were wrong.

  1. To draw the longbow (0:- ovti , AR: ,..,,c,..)
    Meaning: exaggerate

Use in sentence: Shabbir always draws a long bow.

  1. Send a person to Coventry (V.1)1):1) , VI CY;ei;)

Meaning: to ostracise, systematically ignore someone

Use in sentence: Due to his improper and ridiculous behaviour, we should send Aslam to the Coventry

 

  1. Beer and skittles –

Meaning: all fun and pleasure

Use in sentence: Life isn’t all beer and skittles.

  1. Acid test

Meaning: a decisive or critical test, as of worth or quality Use in sentence: They play passed the critic’s acid test.

  1. Skeleton in the cupboard
    Meaning: a embarrassing fact that someone wishes to keep secret

Use in sentence: “There must be a skeleton somewhere in that family’s cupboard.”

  1. To a mare’s nest

Meaning: very complicated situation

Use in sentence: This arcaof the law is a veritable mare’s nest.

0 Use five of the following pairs of words in sentences:

(i)                       Auger, Augur                                                  (ii)                    Fain, Feign

(iii) Emigrate, Immigrate                                            (iv)         Envy, Jealousy

(v)         Invade, Attack                                                (vi)                  Trifling, Trivial

(vii) Simulation, Dissimulation                                (viii) Venal, Venial

  • Auger:

Meaning: tool with a screw point for boring in wood

Use in sentence: He made many holes in the board with an auger.

Augur:

Meaning: portend, serve as an omen

Use in sentence: Conflicts among the various groups do not augur well for the future of the peace talks.

  • Fain:

Meaning: willingly or happily

Use in sentence: I would fain forget what I had done.

Feign:

Meaning: to pretend that you have a particular feeling or that you are ill, tired etc.

Use in sentence: You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.

  • Emigrate:

Meaning: to leave one’s country

Use in sentence: Ahmad emigrated to the USA.

Immigrate:

Meaning: to settle in another country

Use in sentence: Her family permanently immigrated to the USA.

 

  • Envy:

Meaning: to wish for something that someone else has

Use in sentence: She was looking with envy at her friend’s new dress.

Jealousy:

Meaning: something that you want to be or long for your own Use in sentence: I felt sick with jealousy.

  • Invade:

Meaning: to enter a country, town, etc. using military force in order to take control of it Use in sentence: The rioters invaded the government buildings.

Attack:

Meaning: try to hurt or defeat using force

Use in sentence: A woman was attacked and robbed by a group of hooligans.

  • Trifling:

Meaning: unimportant, petty

Use in sentence: I got the trifling details of the incident from my neighbour.

Trivial:

Meaning: not important or serious

Use in sentence: I know it seems trivial but I am very much worried about the disappearance. of my luggage.

  • Simulation:

Meaning: imitation, replication

Use in sentence: The politician gave the simulation of the general concern towards the needy ones.

Dissimulation:

Meaning: an act of hiding the real feelings or intentions with a pretension Use in sentence: He was capable of great dissimulation and hypocrisy.

  • Venal:

Meaning: Corruptible, money-grubbing, likely to accept bribes

Use in sentence: They are accused of being involved in venal practice.

Venial:

Meaning: not very serious and therefore able to be forgotten

Use in sentence: The judge dismissed the venial crimes and focused on the theft of th( animals.

 

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