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COMPREHENSION

EXERCISE NO. I

In order to be healthy, there are some precautions that we should take. Malaria fever is brought into our bodies by the bites of mosquitoes. And mosquitoes are bred in foul and stagnant water. We should, therefore, try and get rid of pools of dirty water that are near our houses.: Even very small pools or old things or broken ‘water pots can hold enough water for mosquitoes to breed in. We should, therefore, get rid of all these. In case of large pools, it is good to pour a small quantity of kerosene oil into them from time to time. The oil will spread all over the pool acid form a thin layer, over the surface of the water and prevent the mosquitoes from breeding. At night, we should, if possible, use nets to prevent the mosquitoes from biting.

Read the above given passage carefully and answer the questions given below:

QUESTIONS:

  1. flow is fever caused?
  2. Why it is had to have pools of water near our ‘inses?
  3. What will you do if you have large pools of water near your houses?
  4. How will you protect your body from mosquitoes at night?

ANSWERS:

  1. Fever is caused by mosquitoes’
  2. Mosquitoes breed in pools of stagnant water. They bite us and thus fever is caused. If the pools of water .do not exist, there will be no mosquitoes breeding and hence no danger of fever from malaria.
  3. We would pour kerosene oil over the surface of water in pools from time to

 

time. Kerosene oil stops breeding of mosquitoes.

  1. We shall protect our bodies from the mosquito bites at night by using mosquito-nets.

EXERCISE NO. 2

Once a stag was drinking water at a stream. He saw his reflection in the water. He was pleased to see his beautiful horns, but when he saw his thin legs, he felt sad as he thought they were ugly. Suddenly, he saw a pack of hounds at a distance. He ran as fast as his legs could help him. Soon he left the hounds far behind. He had to pass through a thick forest of bushes. His horns were caught up in a bush. tried hard to pull his horns out of it bu all in vain. By now, the hounds had come up. They attacked him and tore him into pieces.

QUESTIONS:

  1. What was the stag doing?
  2. What did he see in the water?

3: Why was he pleased?

  1. What made him sad?
  2. Why did he run?
  3. How did his legs help him?
  4. The stag was drinking water.

ANSWERS:
2: He saw his reflection.

  1. He was pleased to see his beautiful horns.
  2. His thin legs made him sad.
  3. He ran for his life.
  4. His legs helped him to run fast.

EXERCISE NO. 3

King Robert Bruce ruled over Scotland. He had been defeated many times by the English Army. He ran for his life and hid himself in a cave. He had lost all hope to win. As he laid there thinking if he should give up his struggle or not, he saw a spider trying -to reach its cobweb in

the ceiling of the cave. It fell down again and again but did not give up its attempt. At last, the little insect reached. home in the ninth attempt. This gave courage to King Bruce. He made up his mind to fight and this time he won the battle.

QUESTIONS:

  1. By whom had Robert Bruce been defeated many times?
  2. Where did he hide himself?.
  3. What did he see in the cave?
  4. After how many attempts did the spider succeed?
  5. What lesson did King Bruce learn from the spider?

ANSWERS:.

  1. King Robert Bruce had been defeated by the English’ Army many times.
  2. He hid himself in a cave.
  3. He saw a spider trying to reach its cobweb up in the ceiling of the cave.
  4. The spider succeeded after making nine attempts.
  5. King Bruce learnt the lesson, “Try try again till you succeed.”

EXERCISE NO. 4

For three years, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and all his relatives lived in this valley. Many of the Muslims too joined them. All supplies to the valley were cut off. The Makkans observed that no food or drink reached Banu Hashim. The poor Banu Hashim had to live on the leaves and roots of the trees and hushes. The condition of children was particularly pitiable. At last, some kind-hearted Makkans took pity on Banu Hashim. They tore to pieces the agreement hanging in the Ka’aba. The hunger-stricken Banu Hashim were thus able to come back to their homes.

QUESTIONS:.

  1. Who lived for three years in the valley?
  1. Who joined the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his relatives?
  2. What did the Makkans do?
  3. How did the Banu Hashim live? ,
  4. What was the condition of the children?
  5. Who took pity on Banu Hashim?
  6. ANSWERS:

  7. The Holy Prophet (PBIIU) and all his relatives lived in the valley.
  8. Many of the Muslims joined them.
  9. The Makkans cut off the supplies of food and drink to Banu Hashim.
  10. They lived on the leaves and roots of
  11. The condition of the children was
  12. Some kind-hearted Makkan leaders took pity on them.

EXERCISE NO. 5

We see a kind of milk in tins. It is powdered milk. All the water in the milk is evaporated. When fresh milk stays in a dish for a little time, the thick part of milk comes to the top. It is the cream of the milk. From this cream, people make butter, it is called full cream milk powder. When something floating is taken off the top of a liquid, we say it is skimmed. When the cream is skimmed from the milk, the thin milk that stays is called “Skimmed Milk.” Skimmed milk is a good milk but it has no fat in it. It is not good for very young babies.

QUESTIONS:

  1. Is the milk in tins powdered or liquid?
  2. What becomes of the water in the milk?
  3. What comes to the top of the fresh milk when it stays for a little time in a dish?
  4. What does the thick part of the milk have in it?
  5. What is cream?
  6. What do people make from cream?
  7. ANSWERS:

  8. The milk in the tins is powdered.
  9. The water in the milk evaporates.
  10. The thick part of the milk comes to the top.
  11. The thick part of the milk has fat in
  12. Cream is the fat of the milk which comes to the top of it.

People make butter from cream.